The Importance Of Electrolytes
Your body requires more than just plain water to stay properly hydrated. It requires electrolytes in order to maintain proper fluid balance both inside and outside of your cells.
These electrolytes are necessary for muscle contraction, neurotransmitter function, and regulation of appropriate fluid volume levels.
Sodium is especially important. Sodium levels help to drive your thirst mechanism as well as the rate at which your body absorbs electrolytes and water. Glucose also helps your body to absorb electrolytes more quickly as part of the sodium-glucose co-transport mechanism.
Hyponatremia, low sodium levels in your blood, can cause a number of unpleasant symptoms – headaches, fatigue, mood swings, muscle cramps, etc. If you think these symptoms look an awful lot like the symptoms of dehydrationyou would be correct.
One of the most common causes of hyponatremia outside of an underlying kidney or heart condition is drinking too much water.
But wait! I thought you just said that the symptoms of hyponatremia are similar to the symptoms of dehydrationhow could they also be caused by drinking too much water??
This is actually a huge problem, especially for athletes. They misinterpret symptoms of hyponatremia for dehydration and drink more water, which makes hyponatremia worse and can lead to death in extreme cases.
Miserable Symptoms Mark Chronic Sinusitis
Chronic sinusitis, an illness that can feel as symptomatically miserable as congestive heart failure or rheumatoid arthritis, is often misdiagnosed or underdiagnosed. But distinctive clues can lead internists to deliver the right treatment.
Chronic sinusitis, an illness that can feel as symptomatically miserable as congestive heart failure or rheumatoid arthritis, is often misdiagnosed or underdiagnosed.
I recently saw a patient who had been diagnosed with allergic rhinitis for the past 14 months. You just had to look at her to know that she was miserable. She had bags under her eyes, she hadnt been sleeping well, and she had been waking up three and four times a night because her nose was so blocked up. She had seen an allergist and two internists in that time who never considered that it could be chronic sinusitis, said Neil Bhattacharyya, MD, associate professor of otology and laryngology at Harvard Medical School.
Not picking up on the distinctive clues that point to chronic sinusitis can lead to misdiagnosis. An internist may label a condition allergic rhinitis because allergies are more common, but the treatment and the outcomes are completely different. The problem that confronts internists is understanding how to determine which subset of patients with sinonasal symptoms truly have chronic sinusitis or have that in conjunction with other conditions, Dr. Bhattacharyya said.
How Do I Get Myself And My Loved Ones To Drink More Water
- Carry a water bottle with you. Keep it filled!
- Choose water instead of sugary drinks, including at meals.
- Add flavor. A wedge of lime or lemon might make it tastier, and more fun! You can also try some flavored drink mixes, but watch out for the sugar!
- Eat foods that are high in water content. Many soups, fruits and vegetables meet this description.
- If you dont like drinking a lot of water at once, try smaller doses spread out throughout the day.
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What Causes Chronic Sinusitis
Chronic sinusitis is usually the result of the sinuses being unable to drain and receive airflow properly. Certain underlying issues make chronic sinusitis more likely allergies are one of the most common issues that lead to chronic sinusitis because of the constant and severe inflammation they can cause. Treating allergies can usually help relieve sinusitis symptoms. A deviated septum, nasal polyps, and a history of having frequent colds can also contribute to the likelihood and worsening of chronic sinus problems.
The Impact Of Caffeine And Energy Drinks
90% of American adults drink caffeine-infused beverages almost every day. This includes coffee, tea, and energy drinks, which have high quantities of sugar in addition to containing the same amount of caffeine as a cup of coffee. Some of the smaller energy shots can contain up to 160mg of caffeine in a 60ml bottle. With extreme tiredness, you may start drinking too much of these drinks to give yourself a temporary energy boost.
The problem is that these caffeinated beverages have short-lived results and do not tackle your general fatigue. Caffeine has a stimulatory effect on the nervous system, and creates a momentary surge of adrenaline. However, once it subsides, you are left drained of energy the opposite effect to what you wanted. Caffeine can also lead to other problems such as:
So rather than improving your fatigue, caffeine can cause you to feel worse.
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Why Am I So Tired
You may be asking yourself, Why am I always tired? Why cant I seem to get out of this low-energy fog? First of all, youre not alone. Fatigue is a common problem and can manifest as feeling tired physically and/or mentally. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that about 15.3% of women and 10.1% of men regularly feel very tired or exhausted.
We all know that feeling exhausted reduces our ability to work effectively, manage day-to-day routines, and maintain family and social relationships. Extreme fatigue can cause us to be more prone to irritability and mood swings. Tragically, drowsiness when driving also causes about 72,000 car crashes a year in the U.S.
When Should I Call My Healthcare Provider About Sinusitis
Though many cases of acute sinusitis can improve with little to no treatment, you should call the doctor if you experience any painful symptoms. An antibiotic may be needed for a bacterial infection.
If you find that your sinuses do not feel better after 10 days, symptoms have gotten worse, or you have symptoms that initially improved and then worsen five to six days later , you should contact your healthcare provider. Symptoms that continue after about four weeks may mean you have subacute or chronic sinusitis. If you develop other types of symptoms, such as severe eye swelling, or you are just not sure what you should do next, call your provider.
If you have facial pain, and you have healthy teeth, you can try things like nasal rinses and warm, wet washcloths on your face to see if you find some relief. If so, and if your symptoms go away in about 10 days, you probably have had acute sinusitis and it has gotten better on its own. If not, and you continue to feel ill after three or four weeks, call your provider.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 06/04/2020.
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Pain Tenderness Or Pressure Around The Face
Some people believe that our sinuses are only in the nose. However, these sacs spread out around the entire nasal area and cover the space from the lower forehead all the way to the front of the cheekbones.
Because they cover a good portion of the face, you could feel pain all over this area. As mucus accumulates in the nasal passages, it may push on your nerves. As a result, you may feel tenderness, pressure, or heaviness in your face.
Fever And Chills Are Symptoms Of Heat Illness Which Causes Dehydration
Other symptoms of heat illness include fever and chills. You may sweat profusely while your skin is cool to the touch.
Fever can worsen dehydration. The higher the fever, the more dehydrated you may become. Unless your body temperature decreases, your skin will lose its cool clamminess and then become hot, flushed, and dry to the touch. At this point, its important that you cool yourself down immediately and see a medical professional, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises. Applying ice and cool, wet cloths, and moving to a cool area are short-term strategies until you can see a medical professional.
According to the Mayo Clinic, children and infants lose more of their body fluid to fever, and they are more likely to experience severe diarrhea and vomiting from illness. Any fever in an infant or toddler is cause for concern. Ask your pediatrician for guidelines on when to call for help.
The CDC urges adults with fever to seek medical help if their temperature reaches 103 degrees F.
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Why Is My Heart Rate So High
Heart rates that are consistently above 100, even when the patient is sitting quietly, can sometimes be caused by an abnormal heart rhythm. A high heart rate can also mean the heart muscle is weakened by a virus or some other problem that forces it to beat more often to pump enough blood to the rest of the body.
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Can Dehydration Cause Heart Palpitations
Yes. For the same reason dehydration can cause low blood pressure,it can also cause heart palpitations. Palpitations are the feeling of apounding, fast-beating or fluttering heart. When blood volume is decreased, theheart has to beat faster to try to continue to deliver oxygen to your organs.If you are experiencing heart palpitations you should stop what you are doing,rest in a cool location and drink water until your heart resumes a normalrhythm.
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Three Ways Dehydration Can Impact Your Mental Health
There are three ways dehydration can impact your mental health. It’s summer in the Northern Hemisphere, and for a lot of us that means heat and humidity. We already know that psychiatric patients are effected by the heat, but there are also three ways dehydration can impact your mental health?
What Causes A Dehydration Headache
When youre dehydrated, your brain and other tissues in your body shrink . As your brain shrinks, it pulls away from the skull, puts pressure on nerves and causes pain.
Even mild dehydration can lead to a headache. When you drink water and other fluids, the brain plumps up to its previous size and the pain goes away.
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Dehydration And Mental Health: Hallucinations And Confusion
Typically, if you’ve hit this point, you need medical treatment quickly. I’ve hit this point twice, both times because my psychiatric medication interfered with my ability to sweat. I’ll never forget the first time–I was in Texas, my estranged brother was in Indiana and I became convinced my sailing professor was keeping me from talking to my brother in person.
The second time scared me–I was in downtown Indianapolis and I thought the buildings were curving downward to touch the ground. Both times I realized I needed medical treatment and got it quickly, but not before I’d been shaken up pretty good.
If you’re out in the heat and confusion sets in, take action immediately. First, get out of the heat as soon as possible–into air-conditioning is best, but shade will suffice if that’s not an option. Drink a sports drink to rehydrate. Loosen your clothes and if possible, put some cool cloths on your exposed skin. If you can get inside, take a cool bath or shower.
If it’s progressed to hallucinations, get to a hospital. Be sure to tell them what medications you’re on, especially if they can interfere with your ability to sweat. More often than not, they’ll give you a saline IV and that’ll help put a stop to your heat-related hallucinations and confusion.
Overview Of Fatigue And Dehydration
Fatigue is one of the most common complaints brought to doctors and it is commonly linked back to dehydration or not drinking enough water. Dehydration occurs when your body loses more fluids than it takes in making it difficult to carry out normal day to day functions.
Even mild dehydration can cause moodiness, problems concentrating, headaches and fatigue. There is a range of water intakes or consuming enough fluids that are optimal you dont want to drink too little water but you also dont want to over hydrate.
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Fatigue Cause No 1: Cfs And Fibromyalgia
If your fatigue lasts more than six months and is so severe that you can’t manage your daily activities, chronic fatigue syndrome or fibromyalgia are a possibility. Both can have various symptoms, but persistent, unexplained exhaustion is a main one.
Fix: While there’s no quick fix for CFS or fibromyalgia, patients often benefit from changing their daily schedule, learning better sleep habits, and starting a gentle exercise program.
Fatigue Cause No : Diabetes
In people with diabetes, abnormally high levels of sugar remain in the bloodstream instead of entering the body’s cells, where it would be converted into energy. The result is a body that runs out of steam despite having enough to eat. If you have persistent, unexplained fatigue, ask your doctor about being tested for diabetes.
Fix: Treatments for diabetes may include lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, insulin therapy, and medications to help the body process sugar.
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Feeling Tired Drink Water
Fight fatigue with water: Why water cures you when you are tired
What’s the easiest, cheapest, and fastest cure when you’re dragging? Water. Fatigue is, after all, one of the first signs of dehydration. Even a small drop in your body’s water levels can hurt you. A recent study from Tufts University found that mild dehydration — a loss of just 1 to 2 percent of body weight as water — was enough to impair thinking. If it turns into full-blown dehydration, it could cause an imbalance in electrolytes like sodium and potassium, which aid muscles and heart function.How much H2O you need depends on your activity level and where you live . The National Academy of Sciences suggests that women consume 11 cups of fluid every day — though not all of this has to be water. About 8 cups can come from other drinks and the rest from what you eat. Watermelon, cucumbers, and most other fruits and vegetables are obvious sources , but lots of foods are wetter than you might have guessed. Oatmeal and beans, even a turkey sandwich, have at least half a cup.
How Do I Prevent Dehydration
Exactly how much water do you need? That depends on your weight, age, level of activity, age, the climate of your environment and other factors. Those with diabetes, heart disease, cystic fibrosis and other conditions may need to be cautious. The amount of water you need can also depend on the climate and what clothes youre wearing. Although the standard advice is eight glasses of water per day , talk to your healthcare provider to confirm the right amount for you.
Keep track of how much fluid you drink. Drink water throughout the day, including at meals. Avoid soda, alcohol and caffeinated drinks. One way to make sure you are properly hydrated is to check your urine. If it’s clear, pale or straw-colored, it’s OK. If it’s darker than that, keep drinking!
To avoid dehydration, active people people playing a sport or exercising should drink at least 16 to 20 ounces of fluids one to two hours before an outdoor activity. After that, you should consume six to 12 ounces of fluid every 10 to 15 minutes when youre outside. When you are finished with the activity, you should drink more. How much more? To replace what you have lost: at least another 16 to 24 ounces.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Dehydration
According to the National Hydration Council, symptoms such as tiredness and fatigue make up around 20% of GP visits and its estimated that of these visits, dehydration is the cause of 1 in 10.1 This is an alarming figure and around 50% of GPs wished they had more time to look at their patients hydration habits.
But why is staying hydrated so important? Well, your body is around 60% water and two of your most important organs, your brain and your lungs are 73% and 83% water respectively. When youre not getting enough, it can affect how almost every major organ in your body functions thats the main reason why humans can only survive days without fluids when they can go weeks without food.2
Even mild and moderate cases of dehydration will trigger symptoms such as:
- Headaches: Headaches are an extremely common symptom of dehydration and occur because the brain can temporarily contract or shrink. Now, this might sound pretty serious nobody wants to think of their brain shrinking! However, once you rehydrate yourself rest assured that your brain will return to its normal size.3
- Fatigue: Feeling exhausted but can’t quite work out why? Dehydration could be making you sleepier as, when you’re dehydrated, your blood pressure is affected, decreasing blood flow to the brain and potentially making you feel sleepier and fatigued.
Learn To Recognize Dehydration
Unfortunately, most people simply do not understand or recognize the signs and symptoms of dehydration.
In addition, it is important to note that these symptoms may differ from person to person.
The following symptoms are some of the more common symptoms that are reported for the different stages of dehydration, according to Merck.com.
Pay attention to changes in your own body. If in doubt, call your health practitioner.
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Rehydration Effects On Subjective Physiological And Mood Parameters
Ad libitum water intake at the end of the progressive dehydration period reversed dehydration-induced decreases in happiness and alertness , and reversed the confusion/bewilderment increase as indicated by the significant differences at 18·00 v. 16·00 hours observed in the FD condition .
As expected, thirst feeling was reversed by ad libitum water intake at the end of the progressive acute dehydration period .
Effects of the progressive acute water restriction on subjective thirst sensation . Values are means for each experimental condition and for differences between the two conditions, with standard errors represented by vertical bars. The time point 18.00 hours corresponds to ad libitum water intake in both conditions. *** Mean values were significantly different between the two experimental conditions at the corresponding time point . , Control condition , fluid deprivation , fluid deprivation minus control.
Interestingly, ad libitum water intake was not sufficient to reverse the deleterious effects of progressive acute dehydration on vigour, fatigue and calmness as indicated by the absence of significant differences at 18·00 v. 16·00 hours observed in the FD condition .